1848. Robespierre, Saint-Just and Georges Couthon were the ideologues, eloquent at representing the Committee to the Convention, carefully orchestrating the timing and intensity of judicial offensives designed to preempt flanking movements against the Committee, either from Danton’s supporters to the right or Hébert’s on the left. On November 10, 1793 Notre Dame cathedral was converted to the “Temple of Reason.”  A ceremony that day included a dancer from the opera, wearing the tricolor, sitting as the “Goddess of Reason” upon the “Altar of Liverty.”  After this many churches were changed to “Temples of Reason.’. One's class, for example, could be a significant determinant in directing and influencing one's political decisions. The trial was a mockery, and Danton was guillotined. Revolutionary Tribunal, preside over complicated cases of ordinary citizens, dangerous criminals, and enemies of the revolution in revolutionary Paris. The Commune of 1871 also produced this type of revolutionist. Where others see a calculating opportunism running through Danton’s revolution, Lawday sees a man free from ‘demon ideals’ and driven by ‘impetuosity and heart’. Once Hébert and Danton were guillotined, the road seemed clear for the Incorruptible to achieve dominance. A Parisian lawyer, he became a leader of the Cordeliers early in the Revolution and gained popular favor through his powerful oratory. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. Learn how your comment data is processed. Doyle (1989); p.270. Watch makers went mad.  Common folk did not know how to tell time anymore and couldn’t teach their children.  It created havoc when it was made obligatory. In 1789, he began his writing with a pamphlet "la Lanterne magique ou le Fléau des Aristocrates" (Magic Lantern, or Scourge of Aristocrats). 14 No. He was fired for stealing. Seems a number of sentences had gotten lost before posting. And, whenever politics are involved – especially more so with the French Revolution – it demands sufficient information… Unlike Billaud Varenne or Hebert, or any other of the Terrorist party, he had no wish to use this frightful two-edged weapon more freely than was necessary. Among those who went to the scaffold with Pere Duchesne on the afternoon of the twenty-fourth were Vincent, Ronsin, and the leader of section Marat, Momoro. The government, with support from the Jacobins, was exasperated and finally decided to strike on the night of 13 March 1794, despite the reluctance of Barère de Vieuzac, Collot d'Herbois and Billaud-Varenne. Next Act 2 - Egalite Day 13 - Quick judgments Prev Act 2 - Egalite Day 11 - Gabriel Rouzet. $6.99. On Mar. Knowing that the queen was an easy target for ridicule after the Diamond Necklace Affair, she became a consistent target in the paper as a scapegoat for many of France's political problems. Danton was one of the prime movers during the French Revolution of 1789. It was purposely anti-Christian.  The Christian era was repudiated. Best regards. And so the King and Queen were dead as well as thousands of other “Enemies of the republic.”  There were now two governments in France; the Commune or the government of Paris and the Convention, the elected government o France. He was born on 15 November 1757 at Alençon, to goldsmith, former trial judge, and deputy consul Jacques Hébert (died 1766) and Marguerite Beunaiche de Houdrie (1727–1787). Having recently eliminated his adversaries Hébert and Danton, Robespierre delivered the keynote speech. Hébert fled first to Rouen and then to Paris. 3 (1984): 326. Unlike the Jacobins who allied with the Popular Movement very late in the revolution (with considerable reluctance as well), the Cordeliers had a more collegial atmosphere. 3 (2000): 241–271. Initially, Danton supported executing suspected enemies of the revolution, but in 1793 he had not wanted a repeat of the massacres of 1792 and he was having second thoughts about continuing the war. We. "[11] On 7 June Robespierre, who had previously condemned the Cult of Reason, advocated a new state religion and recommended that the Convention acknowledge the existence of God. Oh, many have passion, but the class size and paperwork is overwhelming, and the passion fades. Clear and vivid pictures emerge in this book about the main participants in the French Revolution. France breathed more freely.  The worst evidently, was over.  The terror didn’t die that day but steadily declined in the succeeding months and was gradually abandoned.  A milder regime began.  The convention was now controlled by moderates but it was unanimously republican. "The Sans-culottes of the Year II: Rethinking the Language of Labour in Revolutionary France". 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