'Maryland Dwarf' American holly closeup of foliage and vivid red fruit in winter, 01/27/07, Bernheim Arboretum, Clermont KY 'Maryland Dwarf' American holly showing spreading prostrate habit, 19 December 2008, Bernheim Arboretum, Clermont KY Inkberry ( I. glabra and cvs., Z 5–9) 3. Beautifully shaped, Ilex opaca (American Holly) is an upright, evergreen tree of symmetrical, dense, pyramidal habit with stout, stiff branches bearing leathery, dark green leaves, 2-4 in. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south central and eastern United States and further west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas. The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall. The leaves on both species have very sharp thorn-like spines on their margins. It rarely grows over three feet tall, even at maturity, but grows horizontally about a foot per year. Basic Dwarf Yaupon Holly facts. This holly is a male cultivar and doesn’t produce berries. The dwarf Chinese holly (Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda') is another small shrub growing 3 to 6 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide. American Holly (I. opaca) – These North American natives grow into up to 60 feet (18 m.) tall, and a mature specimen is a landscape treasure. Dwarf Horned Holly. Full to partial sun. Most of us are family with holly shrubs in the landscape and growing American holly trees (Ilex opaca) is a relatively easy endeavor.Read on to learn more about this holly species. Species: 1. A typical ten-year old specimen will be about two feet tall and ten feet wide, with dense evergreen, spiny foliage. Cutting grown. Ilex opaca 'Maryland Dwarf' (American holly 'Maryland Dwarf') will reach a height of 0.9m and a spread of 3m after 10-20 years. One of the easiest of all hollies to keep. May be used as accent or foundation, hedge or container plant. Cultivation. That image is valid, but I love evergreen hollies because they are, in fact, so much more diverse than that. Prefers sun or partial shade and is tolerant to moist soil. 1. The American Holly. Dwarf yaupon holly is a special variety of holly. Pyramidal grower brightens winter gardens with showy red berries. The mere mention of holly brings to mind conical trees with spiny leaves and red berries in winter. After selecting your area, dig a hole that’s one and a half times the width of your shrub’s root ball. Well, for starters, it's disease and pest resistant, making it ideal for creating an effortless hedge or privacy screen. ‘Schillings Dwarf’ has a dense, rounded form and a fine texture. Male English holly pollenizer needed for berry set. The American Holly offers color year-round, and the thick growth of its lower branches makes it ideal for barriers. Many cultivars exist. First on the list must be this tree, which most closely resembles the European holly. 'Maryland Dwarf' was introduced in 1942 by Earle Dilatush, and to this day it remains the best dwarf form of American holly. American Holly is often used to create privacy screens or barriers, either as a hedge or accent tree. Description of American holly: The American holly is extremely variable, both in the wild and in culture. American Holly Information. 1. These attractive, broad-leaf evergreen trees grow 15-50’ tall. Pruning technique: Thinning is needed only in the first few years of growth. 'Maryland Dwarf' - A very unusual form that is gaining popularity, this compact plant is shrubby and spreading. Therefore, it will be self-fruitful without need for a male pollinator. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. It slowly forms a very wide mound, with dark green minimally spiny leaves and some red fruit production. Densely pyramidal in … They range in size from a 6-inch-tall spreading dwarf to a 70-foot-tall towering giant. Some dwarf holly, such as 'Carissa' and Dwarf Burfordi, will maintain a dense rounded or mounded form with no pruning at all. Another dwarf cultivar of yaupon, ‘Schillings Dwarf’, grows to a height of 4 to 7 feet and spreads 6 to 10 feet. Dwarf Burfordi Holly is a self-pollinating holly - there are no male / female clones to worry about. Among the best known are: ‘Dan Fenton’ has large, glossy leaves. American Holly. Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Holly diseases. More than 1,000 varieties have been named. Perfect when used to frame a front entryway. Japanese holly ( I. crenata and cvs., Z 5–7) 2. Dragon Lady Holly: Considered to be the perfect columnar holly. The mature height is around 3' tall, but it may spread … Yaupon holly. Popular selection with shiny, dark-green leaves edged with creamy-white margins. Inkberry 3. Can be pruned or sheared to maintain most any shape desired. long (5-10 cm), adorned with spine-tipped teeth. Updated: July 31, 2016. Slow growth rate. The American Holly is an award-winning tree, noted for its adaptable nature. English holly (I. aquifolium) — This species is smaller than the American holly, topping out at around 35 feet.It has glossy, spiny leaves as opposed to the larger, duller, non-glossy foliage of the American holly. Plus, it's versatile. Holly - American 'Maryland Dwarf' American Holly is a very unusual female form of our wonderful native evergreen Holly. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. America's Most Popular Holly Why American Holly Trees? Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Foliage: glossy light green with white flowers and red fruit. When to Prune A Holly. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types.Ilex is among the few plants that can grow in all USDA plant hardiness zones (or in all 50 U.S. states).Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. Plants are often evergreen and usually grown as shrubs or trees. Exposure – full sun (part ok) Height – up to 4 feet (125 cm) Soil – any type. It is often used in place of English holly, especially in Christmas decorations. Dwarf Horned Holly is an evergreen that grows 2-3′ tall and 3-4′ wide with a compact, rounded form and a coarse texture. Unlike most hollies, 'Oak Leaf' is a hermaphrodite, containing functionally male and female flower parts in each flower. Japanese holly 2. A newly introduced red hybrid holly with a tall, elegant, pyramidal form. Save For Later Print. Has leaves with one terminal spine at the very tip. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. Lustrous dark green foliage adds color to the landscape year-round. Disease Syptoms Pathogen/Cause Management; Leaf scorch: Circular to irregular, tan spots appear in early spring or summer. Name – Ilex vomitoria Family – Ilex (holly family) Type – evergreen. Known as Ilex opaca, this tree is the Queen of the native hollies, and widely regarded as the best of all the larger, tree-like holly bushes. ‘Maryland Dwarf’ Holly Available April 8, 2016 by Eastern Shore Gardener Whether I have been writing e-mails or delivering a gardening talk, one of my favorite hollies inevitably comes up once the conversation turns to plants that should be more available: American holly ( Ilex opaca ) ‘Maryland Dwarf’. True to its name, the American Holly is the most popular Holly cultivar in the country. American holly and the John T, Morris and Lydia Morris hollies can be grown and pruned as attractive evergreen hedges--very tall hedges, if desired--or used in the landscape as small trees or specimen shrubs. Ilex opaca , commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. Moderate grower to 15 to 20 feet and more tall, 8 to 12 feet wide. Formal shaping can continue throughout the life of the plant. It has small, dark green leaves and reddish new growth. The full story behind 1992's ill-fated American Red Dwarf pilot. Maryland Dwarf American Holly will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. Suggested uses. Specimen tree, Resistant to pollution, Low Maintenance, Hedging/Screens, Ground Cover, Cottage/Informal, Architectural, Wildlife. 'Maryland Dwarf' is an all-female cultivar. American Holly. The story was begun with a lengthy introduction to the Red Dwarf ship and its crew by Holly, then introduced the main characters. Planting: For your Micron® Holly, simply select a location with well-drained soil and 4 to 8 hours of sunlight per day. Holly that produce berries should be pruned in late winter, before new growth begins to emerge in spring and after threat of severe cold temperatures has passed. 19 July, 2002. American hollies grow into trees to 50 feet tall. Ilex opaca is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. American holly (I. opaca): Slow-growing evergreen trees from 40 to 100 feet tall are rounded to pyramidal in shape. Following Lister's revival from stasis and the revelation of his companions, the episode ended with a cliffhanger. It is generally a slow-growing tree, reaching up to 50 feet in height (although dwarf, shrublike clones exist). The foliage is emerald green and is charmingly similar in shape to oak leaves. Articles. Although these types of hollies are common in woodland settings, American holly isn’t often used in residential landscapes because it grows very slowly. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. Produces large numbers of nice, bright red berries every year. Steeds Holly: Steeds Holly is an easy to grow, densely branched evergreen shrub with a natural pyramidal form. Holly is in the Ilex genus, a large group containing over 400 species. Grow in well-drained soil in sun or dappled shade. Why? Then, place the shrub before backfilling the soil and watering to settle its roots. American Holly (Ilex opaca): American holly is the traditional Christmas holly with large, spiny green leaves and bright red berries. Yaupon holly … American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy fence. 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