How to Grow Burdock Plants: Burdock is easy to grow. In Japan, it is a regularly used food like we use carrots in the west. Make sure to not plant other vegetables or plants near burdock, since it will quickly overtake an area. Hardiness Zone: 3-10 Planting Depth: ¼ - ½ " Plant Spacing: 18-24" Growth Habit: Upright Soil Preference: Deeply well-worked loamy soil Temp Preference: Warm Light Preference: Full sun to part shade Color: Green Flavor: Pleasant, earthy taste Sowing and Growing Direct sow in the spring in deeply-tilled, well-drained soil as the roots can get quite long. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Make sure to dig in well-rotted organic matter before planting. Burdock used to grow all over the place in wild, unkempt places in Wales. Once you get enough seeds, cut the plant down and put the rest of the plant in the garbage or out for the municipal leaf collection. (By: ayustety from Tokyo, Japan CC BY-SA 3.0), Japanese Burdock root salad. Get our app for iPhone, Immature flower stalks may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear; the taste resembles that of artichoke, to which the burdock is related. The flavor is so strong, that a little goes a long way. After roasting, put in sealed jars and keep out of light. You can save the seeds and plant in the spring or do it in the fall. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable.While generally out of favour in modern European cuisine, it is popular in East Asia. Burdock grows well in zones 2-10 and is cold hardy. To harvest, cut off the leaves about 10 cm (4 inches) from the ground and pull straight up if you have loose soil. Burdock likes full sun, but will … This is one plant that responds remarkably to nitrogen. Don't let it dry out or sit in water. The plant prefers regular watering, so keep moist, and avoid drying out during long drought spells. Originally the content in this site was a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide. (By: Michael Apel CC BY-SA 3.0), The seeds inside the bur. This will ensure endless crops of seeds and roots for years to come. Unless you are specifically trying to grow your own seeds, take every plant out at the end of the first year. It grows throughout North America but not in the southern regions. In the first year, they are putting energy into the root for the second year. However, if you harvest after the first years' growth, and cut down the stalks of any you miss that start again in the second year, you won't have burs. I have a couple that are now growing but the plant is not so intimidating any more. I did an experiment the Spring before last (2015) and threw some Burdock seeds into one corner of my garden. When the first year plant is 3 months old it is ready to harvest. (By: Michel Chauvet CC BY-SA 3.0), "A dish containing a Japanese appetizer, kinpira gobÅ, consisting of sauteed gobÅ (Greater burdock root) and ninjin (carrot), with a side of kiriboshi daikon (sauteed boiled dried daikon). Unsure when to plant your veggies? Greater Burdock (Arctium lappa).There are many types of Dock plants, but the dock with the burrs that cling to your cloths are the ones you want for the roots - but not when you see burs on them. On Oct 9, 2006, rebecca101 from Madison, WI (Zone 5a) wrote: I love burdock (to eat) and so decided to grow some from seed in my garden - big mistake! This is NOT good for harvesting the roots. If you have children or pets, or you want to make sure you don't get burs on yourself, simply put a small chicken wire fence around the second year plant. One was over a foot. You need to have rich, moist soil that is high in nitrogen. Thin your burdock plants once they begin growing so that they are 4 inches apart. Photo taken at Takahashi, Tsukiji fish market, Tokyo. Burdock is a native of Eurasia but has quickly become naturalized in North America. You could put it in the compost pile, but the odds are good it will sprout Burdock the next year. You do not have to peel it, just wash it very well. Soil & Site: They are super easy to grow, but to grow them with big straight roots takes some preparation. It will give a robustness to the flavor, but not overwhelm it. It is one of those flavors, that the more you have it, the more you come to like it. Rating Content; Positive: On May 3, 2015, Scribbles646 from Troup, TX (Zone 8b) wrote: Commonly found on field and forest edges, particularly the moist areas. Three or four stakes around the plant that stand about 2 meters (6 feet) tall after being pounded in, and two layers of 1 meter (3 foot) chick wire wrapped around. My garden use to be overrun with burdock. You can peel it if you are not sure what condition it is in, or if the root skin is covered with small blemishes. Is the growing of this plant compatible with Natural farming, Ecoagriculture or Eco friendly agriculture, Ecological farming, Sustainable agriculture, Agroforestry or Agro-sylviculture and Permaculture: You can use Natural farming, no-till garden methods with this plant, but you will have to make sure that you have deep, soft loamy soil before you start. You need that depth, as the roots can get that long, and the more room they have, the better quality you get. The burs are not a problem until fall of the second year, so you can do this late in the season. If you are starting or have an existing herb garden chances are you haven’t got burdock or may have not even considered it.. You can plant burdock in your garden, it grows easily from seeds planted in spring and then thin seedlings to 6 inches apart. It does give you energy, and too much of it is like too much ginseng â you are wound tight, so don't overdo it by eating a lot every day. If you do it in the spring, plant early, and keep the seeds in a baggie in your freezer over winter. If your soil has compacted, dig around the root deeply with a shovel to loosen the soil, then pull straight up. Growing Burdock. You need to have loose, loamy soil that is deep, 30 cm (12 inches) is the minimum, and 45 cm (18 inches) is about right. Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply, All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately, Your donation (via PayPal) will help support and improve Gardenate, Put GardenGrow in your pocket. (By: DryPot GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2). Burdock thrives along river banks, disturbed habitats, roadsides, vacant lots, and fields. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. If you don't get it right, you will get a mass of tiny rat's tail like roots that are basically useless for food. Sow in garden. It is terribly invasive and difficult to get rid of. Text Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. In its first year, burdock forms a cluster of large leaves, resembling rhubarb. Climate zones | By growing from seeds found in different places, you might find some that you like better than others. By the way, if you do peel it, you will need a fine, sharp peeler. Keep watch for seed heads as it can become an invasive weed. Easy to grow. If you have half the day in shade, you will get half as much harvest. To get the seeds, take burs, break them up gently with rubber gloves on, and black, crescent moon shaped seeds will fall out. If you do it in the fall, put down a thin layer of leaves for mulch. Burdock grows wild on roadsides and waste places and around field boundaries throughout Britain, Europe and North America; it is cultivated in Japan. Of all the roots and tubers to eat, this is my personal favorite. It grows to about 2m (6ft) high. Growing burdock … (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Burdock, but just finding the plant and using the root, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site for the Burdock Root.). Biennial. By the second year they are woody and the flavor is poor, and full of rotted sections. All Photographs Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted.*. Harvest this root during the first growing season or at latest in the dormant period after first season of growth. 02 Apr 19, Rene’ (USA - Zone 2a climate) Can you grow burdock root from the root it’s self? Distribution map courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA Natural Resources Service) and used in accordance with their policies. Wild Foods Home Garden Logo Copyright Â© 2017 David G. Mills. Look for its distinctive spiny, burr-like heads. Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests. I seem to remember spending chunks of my childhood attempting to remove all the sticky, velcro-like burrs off my clothes if I'd been exploring somewhere I shouldn't and got myself covered in them. Light, sandy soil will make harvesting the roots much easier. If you do find a particularly good strain, growing seeds to preserve the strain would be a good idea. (Steve Hurst, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database), Harvested and washed roots. A lot of people would think having burdock in the yard would not be a good idea because of the burs. Although growing Chinese broccoli takes little care, there are certain things to do to make sure your harvest is plentiful all season long. About GardenGrow | Viburnums: Nannyberry, Highbush Cranberries & Others, Ecoagriculture or Eco friendly agriculture, GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2, Interactive USDA distribution map and plant profile, The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) distribution map. After 3yrs there roots just died and I could pull them straight out the ground. The ways I use it regularly: Washed and chopped finely in soups in small amounts. The small blue dish contains sliced cucumber and the mug contains green tea." The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. Do not peel. The prickly balls were the inspiration for the inventor of 'Velcro', George de Mestra. Try this hardy root crop overwintered for early spring harvest, or as a long-storing fall crop. Show Zone. The roots are no good for food in the second year, and will produce the burs which can get all over pets and clothes. This crop is capable of holding its own against any weeds, but they should be removed at regular intervals to avoid the wastage of good minerals to a weed crop. They are strong, fast growers, and the huge leaves tend to shade out weeds. I like it - the taste is wild and strong, but not bitter or unpleasant. It could be they taste better, it could be they grow straighter, smoother roots. In the second year, the energy is being used up. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. Leave a Comment on Growing Burdock. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Like any plant, there are variations within the species. This plant is grown in Japan as a food crop for the root. Burdock grows along roadsides, in open fields, at the edges of woods, and anywhere ground has been disturbed just as most thistles would. Click here to read about how to set up your raised garden bed. It grows well in areas with mild winter. The flowers which will ripen into the burs that stick to everything that contain the seeds. It has dark green leaves with a long tap root. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 20°C. Now, keep in mind that I live in an area where the soil is BAD---rocky, alkaline, and sandy. (By: Michael Becker GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), Roots prepared for cooking or chopping up and drying. It is as simple as letting one of the plants come up in the second year, and harvest the seeds in the fall. Contact us | It has dark green leaves with a long tap root. How to Cultivate Burdock. The ideal growing temperature remains between 50 – 77 F (10 C – 25 C), although the plant can withstand low temperatures during winter (aerial parts can die, but normally the root supports low temperatures). Greater Burdock (Arctium lappa) range. Harvest in the first year when the burdock root is very crisp and has a sweet, mild, and pungent flavour with a little muddy harshness that can be reduced by soaking julienne/shredded roots in water for five to ten minutes. Growing Burdock. Weed your burdock regularly, especially while the plants are still young. The plant is an herbaceous biennial with a long history of edible and medicinal use by native people. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-box-2','ezslot_5',103,'0','0'])); Search Wild Foods Home Garden & Nature's Restaurant Websites: Burdocks in the late summer of their first year. Many peelers don't work well with the Burdock root. (By: Christian Fischer CC BY-SA 3.0). It will keep in the fridge in the vegetable crisper for a week or two. 99 Get it as soon as Thu, Sep 10 without written permission from the author. Click on your climate zone below to view your veggie growing calendar. Approx. Scrub the fresh burdock root vigorously under cold running water to remove any dirt. Home | Gobo Burdock - Arctium lappa. (Best months for growing Burdock in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions), Burdock grows wild on roadsides and waste places and around field boundaries throughout Britain, Europe and North America; it is cultivated in Japan. The root is only good in the fall, or before, of the first year. Gathering the burs for seeds when ripe yes, but not for the root for eating. This dish is a small appetizer that is served before the entree. Next, they really do need full sun. All Drawings Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. I just kept pulling all the leaves off when ever they grew and threw them in the compost. Compatible with (can grow beside): Best grown in separate bed. If you get everything right, you will get great quality roots that are up to 45 cm (18 inches) long or more by 2.5 cm (1 inch) diameter near the crown, and taper slowly down to the tip. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. Greater Burdock (Arctium lappa). It grows to about 2m (6ft) high. In most zones, it’s considered a weed that self-seeds. Can it be re-planted to start a garden? Burdock is adaptable to various light levels, from partial shade to full sun. Since it grows so well in a shady area , if you have a large tree on the side of your landscape, oftentimes this is the perfect spot to plant your burdock … If not where can I purchase the seeds? It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. 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